The scale program


Inputs for linear and circular scales

The Scaling Program – Input of linear and circular scales with example


Contents: Scale input

Input for linear scale


Position
Length
Angle
Mode
Graduation1..5
LineConfig
LtrSep
ScTxtType
ScTxtDir
Scale text
Adopt scale
Load scale
Save scale

Inputs for circular scale


Position
Radius
StartAngle
EndAngle
Mode
Graduation1..5
LineConfig
LtrSep
ScTxtType
ScTxtDir
Scale text
Adopt scale
Load scale
Save scale

Scale text


Text
Font
TextStyle
Height
Distort
Width
Slope
CharSep
Auto Scale text
Par. all Texts
Clr. all Texts
Line-1
Line+1

Generation of a scale for the cylinder blank

Scale input.

In the scale program very simple linear and circular scales, with and without script, can be input. Scales can be milled on flat surfaces (flat engraving) or, via DIN/ISO export, on cylinders.

The scale is assigned to one layer. using the function adopt scale the scale is adopted in the graphic layer specified here. with the output of the label then the tool data assigned to the layer is used.

 

  Scale:

Using scale: it can be selected between  LINEAR scale and circular scale. Switching takes place through simple clicking-on.


 

Inputs for LINEAR scale.

 

  Position.

After clicking-on the function the scale is marked by a rectangle, which can be positioned as desired, in the label frame using the cursor or can be input into the input line following the question  input position (x,y): via the keyboard.

 

 

 

  Length:

Input of the scale length in mm.

 

 

 

  Angle :

Slope angle of the basis line related to a horizontal line in degrees.

 

 

 

  Mode:

Input configuration of the scale graduations in relation to the  datum line.

abovecentred below

 

Above: The datum line of the scale lies below the scale graduations. The graduations are drawn upwards.
Below: The datum line of the scale lies above the scale graduations. The graduations are drawn downwards.
Centred: The scale graduations lie centred on the datum line.

 

 

 

  Scale division1(2/3/4/5).

In one scale, up to 5 different types of graduation can be  specified. With this Scale division1 has the highest and Scale division5 has the lowest priority. For the scale at least one scale division (Scale division1) must be specified. Multiple scale divisions must be put in in successive order.

 

 

 

Line graduation: Separation of the graduations in Grad. With line graduation  = 0 the graduation is not drawn. Range 0..99.999 mm.
Graduation type: Form of the division.

0Assign no graduation. This setting is sensible if text but no graduation is to be engraved.
1Vertical division with graduation length.
2Rectangle with  dimensions graduation length and graduation width.
3Ellipse with the two diameters graduation length and graduation width.
4Recumbent triangle with graduation length and graduation width.
5Upright triangle with graduation length and graduation width.
Graduationlength: Length of the graduation (>0) in mm. A length must always be given.
Graduationwidth: Width of the graduation. An input is necessary only for graduation types 2..5.
Text ongraduation:
YES: A text is assigned to this scale graduation.
No:  No text field is reserved.
  LineConfig.

 

Select line configuration (division) in the scale. The normal scale is created using a linear configuration. All other configurations are special solutions.

 

Linear:Adjustment for general linear scales.

Standard setting.

Wx = Asin(x/as): The graduation distribution is determined through a fixed formula. For linear scales the position of the graduation is calculated using ASin(x/as)/Pi*length [x=graduation No. / as=number of graduations / Pi=3.14..]. The zero graduation lies in the middle on the scale  Position. To create a scale the number of graduations must still be entered for a half-side.

 

The respective graduation is activated using Scale graduation . Line graduation > 0 (e.g. = 1). At least Scale graduation1 must be activated. The activated scale graduations must follow in succession. Otherwise the ‘line graduation’ can have no influence on the configuration. The scale is created from the zero graduation (in the middle) = Scale graduation1 outwards to = Scale graduation2(..n). If, for example, Scale graduation1 and Scale graduation2 are activated, then a scale results with the graduation order 1, 2, 1, 2, etc.

  LtrSep:

Adjust separation of the scale texts from the scales to the scale baseline. Positive values position the texts above the scale, negative values position the texts below the scale.

 

  ScTxtType:
Determine the configuration of the texts on the scale.
horiz.: Scale text horizontal.
vertic.Scale text vertical.
circularScale text circular centred  (without significance here).
centred: Scale text tangential centred.
radial: Scale text in direction of division (for circular scales).
  ScTxtDir.:

Input scale inscription direction.

 

Positive: Direction of run [progression] (rotated by 180 degrees).
Negative: Normal text configuration in scale direction of run.

 

  Scale text:

In the menu scale text: goto and input scale texts.

  Adopt scale.

The scale is adopted vectorised in the ActLayer. After this the scale cannot be modified further. The current scale data are saved and are always available for later use.

 Load scale.

A scale is loaded from a file.

  Save scale.

The current scale is saved completely in one file. Following loading the scale input is switched to the loaded  scale type (linear/circular).

 

 


 

Inputs for CIRCULAR scale.

  Position.

After clicking-on the function the scale is marked with a rectangle which, using the cursor, can be positioned arbitrarily in the label frame or can be entered into the input line via the keyboard after the inquiry  Input position (x,y):.

  Radius:

input of the scale datum line radius in mm.

  StarAng.:

Input of the scale start angle in degrees. With cursor input, the scale is also drawn continuously  for graphic  checking. Circular scales are built up clockwise (mathematically negative direction of rotation) from larger start angle to smaller end angle.

  EndAng.:

Input of the scale end angle in degrees. With cursor input, the scale is also drawn continuously  for graphic  checking. Circular scales are built up clockwise (mathematically negative direction of rotation) from larger start angle to smaller end angle.

  Mode:

Input configuration of the scale graduations related to the datum line.

outwardscentredinwards

 

Inwards: The datum line of the scale lies inside the scale graduations. The graduations are drawn outwards.
Outwards: The datum line of the scale lies outside the scale graduations. The graduations are drawn inwards..
Centred: The scale graduations lie centred to the datum line.

 

  Scale division1(2/3/4/5).

Input of the scale graduation comp. Linear scale.

  LineConfig.
Select line configuration (division) in the scale. The normal scale is created using a linear configuration. All other configurations are special solutions.
Linear:Adjustment for general linear scales.

Standard setting.

|Wx = Asin(x/as):The graduation distribution is determined through a fixed formula. For circular scales  the graduation angle is calculated using ASin(x/as) [x=graduation number. / as=number of graduations]. The zero graduation lies in the middle at the point  StarAng.. The value EndAng. is without significance here.

The respective graduation is activated using Scale graduation . Line graduation > 0 (e.g. = 1). At least Scale graduation1 must be activated. The activated scale graduations must follow in succession. Otherwise the ‘line graduation’ can have no influence on the configuration. The scale is created from the zero graduation (in the middle) = Scale graduation1 outwards to = Scale graduation2(..n). If, for example, Scale graduation1 and Scale graduation2 are activated, then a scale results with the graduation order 1, 2, 1, 2, etc.

  LtrSep:

Adjust separation of the scale texts from the scales to the scale baseline. Positive values position the texts above the scale, negative values position the texts below the scale.

  ScTxtType:

Input the scale text type comp. Linear scale.

  ScTxtDir:

Input the scale text direction comp.  Linear scale.

  Scale text:

In scale text goto input.

  Adopt scale

The scale is adopted vectorised in the ActLayer – thereafter the scale cannot be modified further. The current scale data is saved and are always available for a later use.

  Load scale.

A scale is loaded from a file.

  Save scale.

The current scale is saved completely in one file.


Scale text.

The adjustment and modification of scale text lines takes place here. The current line data are displayed in the menu field and the line is highlighted in colour in the graphic. The majority of the line data can be modified in the Lines increment field. In this case the appropriate line limitation is also drawn and, with adoption of the new line data  using  or completely redrawn. A scale can contain up to 200 text lines. For the description of the function input comp. Menu edit line:.

Note: For easier input of several scale texts, using the cursor keys <cu< b=””></cu<>Dn>, it can be indexed into the previous or following text line (scale division).

  Text:

Input text lines for the sub-division and edit. The current line (here 1) and the total number of text lines (here 19) are shown in the menu.

  Font:

Select character set for the text lines. Only character sets, which are listed in the dialogue box, can be selected. To select the file click-on the file name. A double click or  OK starts the loading process. By clicking only once a selection of characters is shown in the graphics window.

Only character sets which have been previously installed are listed in HZE format.  The program installs the character set automatically with its first start, if the character sets have been loaded previously in the current directory  (are in the program). With later modifications, such as importing a character set, deleting, status change etc., the installation has to be started by the user with  Font Edit . Import Font . install HZE.

The list of character sets can be sorted  optionally according to the file name or the recorded font name using Font Editor . Import Font . install HZE.

Character set names:
G..: Fonts for recessed engraving.
F..: Outline fonts for free spaces

  TextStyle:

Text representation normal or with ‘small caps’.

  Height:

Input the text first letter (capital) height.

  Distort:

Input distortion of the text lines.

The inputs distort / width are alternatives. The last input is always relevant for the text line. The distortion calculated using the text line width is displayed under ‘width’. A negative text line width results in a mirroring in the lines run direction.

  Width:

Input text line width. The inputs distort / width are alternatives. The last input is always relevant for the text line. The distortion calculated using the text line width is displayed under ‘distort:’. A negative text line width results in a mirroring in the lines run direction.

  Slope:

Input text slope angle (in degrees) (set text characters inclined).

  CharSep:

Adjust separation between characters. The dimension is related to a first letter (capital) height  of
10mm. Standard setting = 2.5mm, for scripts = 0mm.

  Auto Scale text.

Auto scale text creates simple scale text sequences following input of the start size and the increment. The first and last resultant scale texts (first/last line) are displayed during input.

  Par. all texts.

The text parameters (font .. layer) of the current line are adopted in all scale text lines. With this all scale texts are created in the same style.

  Clr. all text.

All  scale text lines are deleted after acknowledgement of the inquiry Delete text Y/N.

  Line-1.

Switch into the previous scale text line.

  Line+1.

Switch into the next scale text line.


Generate a scale for the cylinder blank.

Fundamental.

Data for the blank with 4 axes are first input flat in the CAD. Not until the first  export to the machine using  DIN/ISO does the conversion of an axis (as a rule Y) on to the generated surface take place.

Adjust program.

Should data from the last task still be in the program then save these using t File . Save or Save under. After this delete all data memory using  File . New.

In the CAD input the work area in Layout . Limits for the processed surface ,e.g.:

  • Work area in X = 20mm.
  • Work area in Y = 90mm * 3.14159 = 282.743 mm.

Input linear scale.

Change into the menu Text . Scale. The scale remains at the setting Scale: Linear.

Input the start point for the scale using Position on to 0mm/0mm.

Input the scale length using Length : 282.744 mm.
Input the scale angle using Angle : -90 °.
The Mode remains at  Above.
Scale divisions.

With Scale division 1 input the separations of the longest graduations. Here 36 graduations on the circumference. Separation = 90mm * Pi / 36 = 7.853 mm. You can use the integrated calculator for the determination of the precise numerical value using  and adopt this in the input field using  OK in the numerical entry.

Using Scale division 1 enter a line graduation of 7.853 mm and a graduation length of 8.0 mm. Settings see graphic.
Using Scale division 2 enter a line graduation of 7.853 mm and a graduation length of 5.0 mm. Settings see graphic.

All other scale divisions (Scale division 3..5) are switched OFF using  Line graduation = 0 mm .

The LineConfig: remains at linear.
Using LtrSep: enter a lettering separation of, for example,. 10.0 mm to the scale base line.
Select ScTxtType: horizontal.
Select ScTxtDir: negative.

Graphic section of the scale.

Change with Scale text into the text input.
Using Text: enter the scale texts. As only every 2nd graduation is inscribed you must leave respectively each 2nd text field open.

Note: in each case you can switch to the next text line using the cursor key . Therefore, from the 1st text field input: <0>, , <20>, ,<40>,  etc. The texts are respectively set centrally to the graduation. Initially, leave the text size etc. unchanged.

Select the text settings (Font, TextStyle … CharSep) for your individual  requirements, e.g. Height = 3.0mm.
Select Par. all Texts. With this the setting of the current text fields is adopted in all text fields.
Select return. With this, the scale is finished.
Using adopt scale in the scale menu, the current scale setting is converted into graphic paths. You leave the scale input using return.

Create milling data.

In the ActLayer there are graphic data only. For milling data tools and technological data re absolutely required.  Therefore, define a layer tool for the ActLayer. Input the layer tool using Extras . Tool input and selection of the consecutive tool. Following input of the tool and technological data, you can export the data using  File . direct mill.

Select the layers which are to be exported and, in the export menu, the export filter DIN/ISO.

In the lefthand part of the window select the dialect (FILTER) and enter the settings in the righthand part of the window:

Using circular engraving diameter = 90 mm the blank is activated around the 4th axis. The program now replaces the movements of the Y-axis by movements with the address A, B or C and convert the dimensions into degrees.
Using Parameter you can manipulate the addresses (A, B, C), by selection of the axis which is to be scrolled (here: Rotational axis for … Y) and selection of the address which is to set instead of Y (Here: Address rotational axis = A).
The data selection is opened using OK. Here set your target directory and the file name for the DIN/ISO data to be exported. Following OK, the ISO data is saved under the given file name.

Finished!